Creates a GZIP-compressed Tar file of the name eglinux.tar.gz of all files with a .txt suffix.

$ tar -czf eglinux.tar.gz *.txt

Make a compressed archive of a folder (recursively):

$ tar -czf target.tar.gz folder/*
$ tar -cjf file.tar.bz2 dir

Tar/Gz Using Pipes#

To compress current directory

tar cvf - . | gzip > target.tar.gz

To compress only text files

tar cvf - *.txt | gzip > target.tar.gz


XZ (used exactly like gzip) is on the order of 30% better than gzip and 15% better than bzip2.

Parallel Optimization#

Pigz is a parallel implementation of gzip

tar cvf - . | pigz > target.tar.gz

Pbzip2 is a parallel implementation of bzip2

tar cvf - . | pbzip2 > target.tar.bz2

Pixz is a parallel implementation of xz

pixz -9t -p8 filename filename.pxz


List files in a compressed Tar file

$ tar -tzf eglinux.tar.gz


Extracts all files from a compressed Tar file of the name eglinux.tar.gz.

$ tar -xf eglinux.tar.gz


tar -zxvf Python-2.5.2.tgz

To extract to a specific folder

$ tar -xf eglinux.tar.gz -C ~/des

To extract a bz2, tar.bz2, bzip2 file:

bzcat Python-2.5.2.tar.bz2 | tar -xf -


tar xvfj Python-2.5.2.tar.bz2
  • NOTE*: use -k to keep the compressed file and not delete it.

Category.Archived - CategoryArchived.Computing - Performance