Make sure you have Java#
$ dpkg –get-selections | grep sun-java
You should get
sun-java6-bin install sun-java6-jdk install sun-java6-jre install
If not, install Java
$ sudo apt-get install sun-java6-jdk
Download and extract Tomcat from the apache site. You should check to make sure there's not another version and adjust accordingly.
$ wget http://apache.mirrors.tds.net/tomcat/tomcat-6/v6.0.20/bin/apache-tomcat-6.0.20.tar.gz $ tar xvzf apache-tomcat-6.0.20.tar.gz
The best thing to do is move the tomcat folder to a permanent location. I chose /usr/local/tomcat, but you could move it somewhere else if you wanted to.
$ sudo mv apache-tomcat-6.0.20 /usr/local/tomcat
Tomcat requires setting the JAVA_HOME variable. The best way to do this is to set it in your .bashrc file. You could also edit your startup.sh file if you so chose.
The better method is editing your .bashrc file and adding the bolded line there. You'll have to logout of the shell for the change to take effect.
$ vi ~/.bashrc
Add the following line:
At this point you can start tomcat by just executing the startup.sh script in the tomcat/bin folder.
To make tomcat automatically start when we boot up the computer, you can add a script to make it auto-start and shutdown.
$ sudo vi /etc/init.d/tomcat
Now paste in the following:
# Tomcat auto-start # # description: Auto-starts tomcat # processname: tomcat # pidfile: /var/run/tomcat.pid export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-6-sun case $1 in start) sh /usr/local/tomcat/bin/startup.sh ;; stop) sh /usr/local/tomcat/bin/shutdown.sh ;; restart) sh /usr/local/tomcat/bin/shutdown.sh sh /usr/local/tomcat/bin/startup.sh ;; esac exit 0
You'll need to make the script executable by running the chmod command:
$ sudo chmod 755 /etc/init.d/tomcat
The last step is actually linking this script to the startup folders with a symbolic link. Execute these two commands and we should be on our way.
$ sudo ln -s /etc/init.d/tomcat /etc/rc1.d/K99tomcat $ sudo ln -s /etc/init.d/tomcat /etc/rc2.d/S99tomcat
Tomcat should now be fully installed and operational.
Then you can start, stop, and restart tomcat with
$ sudo /etc/init.d/tomcat start $ sudo /etc/init.d/tomcat stop $ sudo /etc/init.d/tomcat restart
Related Wiki Links#
- howtogeek, others
Linux - Tomcat - Networking